(Taken from NSF Abstract Award #0436411): In this experiment, which is part of the NSF Margins initiative on Rifting Continental Lithosphere, the investigators are deploying 18 wide-band ocean bottom seismographs (OBS) in the Gulf of California for a period of 15 months. These seismographs are recording naturally occurring seismicity (over 200 moderate and large earthquakes) from around the globe. Using these seismic recordings, the investigators are constructing images of the mantle beneath the Gulf and the surrounding region, providing a means to evaluate the degree to which mantle processes control lithospheric rupture and the initiation of seafloor spreading in the Gulf of California. The experiment is focused on two questions that are particularly important for achieving the goals of the Rifting Continental Lithosphere initiative: (1) Is the upper-mantle directly underlying Gulf of California extension anomalously hot? (2) To what extent do North-South variations in extensional style correlate with upper-mantle velocity variations? The OBS deployment also provides the means to better characterize seismically active faults within the Gulf of California, improving the assessment of the natural hazards environment of the region
15 SIO broadband ocean bottom seismographs were deployed on board the R/V New Horizon. [Cruise Report]
14 SIO broadband ocean bottom seismographs were recovered on the R/V New Horizon, 1 OBS was unresponsive. [Cruise Report]
Data from all instruments deployed are archived under temporary network code ZL at the IRIS DMC.